Clothing To Wear
- Two pair socks, either pile or wool
- Long pants, loose-fitting and preferably wool
- Wool or pile gloves or mittens and hat
- Parka or jacket which is wind and water resistant
- Shirt and/or sweaters, several, including a wool or pile one to utilize the layer system
- Pile cap or sun visor
Additional Items for Day Trips
- Canteen or poly bottle, 1 quart minimum
- Emergency shelter (tube tent, space blanket)
- Insect repellent
- Ice axe or walking stick
- Sitting pad (ensolite, etc.)
- Drinking cup
- Camera and film
- Plastic bags
- Tissue and/or toilet paper
- Litter bag
- Poncho, rain chaps, gaiters or other rain gear
- Hiking shorts
- Sun screen lotion
- Windbreaker, wind and water resistant
Additional Equipment for Overnight Trips
- Shelter, tent or tarp
- Ground cloth
- Sleeping bag in waterproof stuff bag
- Sleeping pad
- Stove and fuel
- Cooking pot
- Water purifying kit
- Long underwear
- Extra flashlight battery and bulb
- Pot gripper
- Eating utensils
- Bag for hanging food (away from campsite - bears)
- Nylon cord
- Personal toilet items
- Biodegradable soap
- Rain cover for pack
Things that are Nice to Have
- Camp shoes
- Notebook and pencil
An intestinal disorder called Giardiasis (gee-ar-dye-a-sis) is a disease that may be contracted from drinking untreated "natural" water. The disease is caused by a microscopic organism, Giardia lamblia, the cystic form of which is often found in mountain streams and lakes. Such waters may be clear, cold and free-running, and look, smell and taste good but you should be aware of possible danger.
Although Giardiasis can be incapacitating, it is not usually life-threatening. Symptoms usually include diarrhea, increased gas, loss of appetite, abdominal cramps and bloating. These discomforts may appear a few days to a few weeks after ingestion of giardia and may last up to six weeks.
Most people are unaware that they ha e been infected and have often returned home before the onset of symptoms. Other diseases can have similar symptoms but if you have drunk untreated water you should suspect giadiases and so inform your doctor, who can prescribe medicine to cure giardia.
The most certain means of destroying giardia and other organisms is to boil your water. Water should be boiled at least five minutes at sea level. Add one minute for each additional thousand feet of elevation.
Chemical treatment with iodine or chlorine effectively kills bacterial organisms but the same treatment will not reliably kill Giardia, a protozoan. Filter designed to eliminate Giardia are available but exercise care in storing the filter to prevent the contaminated parts from contac6t with the clean water outlet. Containers can also be contaminated by rinsing prior to holding filtered water.
Giardiasis and other diseases can be readily transmitted between humans and animals. Human or animal feces can contain the organism and good sanitary practices should be followed to prevent spreading disease through food handling. Waste should be buried 6 inches deep and 200 feet away from water sources and any water course.